QWhat is the role of protein in the body?
Protein is made up of long chains of amino acids, it is the amino acid that is the basic building block of the body. Imagine an amino acid looking like a “brick”, like the brick that makes your home. The way many brinks hold up your home, is the same way amino acids hold up your body. You can see how proteins are vitally important.
Key functions of protein in the body include growth of the body, maintenance and repair of the body. In the body you find protein in all major muscles, tissues and every organ. Protein also drives many major processes in the body like the immune system, metabolism, digestion, blood and hormones.
QWhich foods have good sources of protein?
You can find protein in meats, fish, poultry and dairy foods. The best sources for protein are found in animal products. Eggs and fish contain a complete selection of amino acids for the individual looking for a comprehensive source of protein. Other foods to consider would be cereal, soya beans, tofu, oatmeal, lentils, peas, hemp, beans, rice and vegetables. The highest source of protein per serving can be found in plant based spirulina, this was a common source of protein for the Mayan people of Central America.
QHow much protein should we eat?
Experts agree that we should be eating 1 gram of protein per kilogram of our body weight. So if you are 70kg you need to consume 70 grams of protein. Make protein a key part of your daily nutrition.
Dr Elias Markou